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Degrees and certificates
M.A. Theses in Linguistics
at the University of North Dakota
Phillips, Virginia C. 2006
Hindi <to> and relevance
The morpheme to occurs in the Hindi language frequently, but is difficult to
deﬁne and difficult for speakers of Hindi as a second language to use correctly. The
purpose of this study is to provide insight into how to contributes to the understanding of
the utterance that contains it. Relevance Theory, developed by Sperber and Wilson in
1986, is the framework for this study. Relevance Theory makes a distinction between the
implicit and explicit content of utterances and between words that encode conceptual
representations and words that encode processing instructions. I will consider whether to
contributes to implicit or explicit content and whether it is conceptual or procedural.
The data I have used for this thesis are published Hindi narrative texts, portions of
the Bible, and examples used in the writings of scholars and grammarians. I also
collected oral data through informal observations and interviews with Hindi speakers.
I have come to the conclusion that there are two homophonous morphemes
pronounced [ t̪ ] in Hindi. Both are procedural morphemes. Conjunction-to affects the
implicatures of the following proposition by limiting the relevant implicated premises. It
instructs the hearer to interpret the following proposition as an implicated conclusion.
Contrast-to instructs the hearer to compare the constituent preceding to with a
corresponding constituent in the context. As such it also affects the implicatures.
This thesis is available from the University of North Dakota library .